All new police officers in England and Wales to have degrees – BBC News

All new police officers in England and Wales will have to be educated to degree level from 2020, the College of Policing has announced.

It said the training would help address changes in crime-fighting.

Prospective officers can either complete a three-year “degree apprenticeship”, a postgraduate conversion course or a degree.

The National Police Chiefs’ Council said the changes would “help modernise the service”.

‘Patrolling online’

The college’s Chief Constable Alex Marshall said the nature of police work has changed significantly.

“Cyber-enabled crime has increased,” he said, “So has the need for officers and staff to investigate and gather intelligence online and via information technology.”

He also said protecting vulnerable people has become a “high priority”, with officers now spending more of their time working to prevent domestic abuse, monitor high-risk sex offenders and protect at-risk children.

Mr Marshall said: “The nature of police work is getting quite complex and it is quite contentious, and the public expectation is that you’ll be patrolling in my street and, by the way, you’ll be patrolling online.”

Even investigating a pub fight – which used to mean interviewing the victim, perpetrator and the bar staff – now also extends to researching videos, pictures and comments published online.


Policing degree: the changes

Image copyright Getty Images

The College of Policing, which is responsible for setting standards of ethics and training for the police service, is in talks with 12 universities about running the degree courses.

The syllabus is likely to cover the law, safeguarding the vulnerable, understanding how an officer behaves on the street and how to build trust by interacting well with communities.

There will be three options at entry level:

  • A three-year police constable degree apprenticeship paid for by the force, allowing individuals to “earn while they learn” – spending 80% of their time on the frontline, and the rest completing their degree while receiving a salary
  • A practical policing degree, as seen in other professions, where the student would complete a three-year self-funded course and apply for a job once qualified
  • For graduates, a six-month postgraduate conversion course funded by the police

Other changes to be introduced include:

  • A national set of qualifications for officers following promotion, for example in skills such as management and leadership
  • A requirement for officers applying to be assistant chief constable or above to have a master’s degree – to be paid for by their police force

The college plans to publish a directory of education qualifications for officers and staff next summer, with guidance as to how their on-the-job experience counts and what funding might be available to support them.


‘Lopsided’ training

There are currently no standard recruitment requirements for officers across the 43 forces in England and Wales.

Some forces accept officers with Level 2 qualifications (A-C grade GCSEs), while others insist on Level 5 (diplomas or foundation degrees).

The College of Policing said about a third (38%) of those currently going into policing have a degree or post-graduate qualification – which is classed as a Level 6 qualification.

Mr Marshall said the current workforce was not getting the same investment in training and development as people in other professions, such as medicine or the military.

“It is very lopsided and we don’t do a lot of professional development training,” he said.

The money for the apprenticeships, due to be introduced next year, is expected to come from a new 0.5% apprenticeship levy on all employers with a wage bill of more than 3m.

‘Fair and right’

The announcement follows a two-month public consultation which received more than 3,000 responses, almost 80% of which were from police officers.

The majority were keen to gain accreditation for their existing skills, Mr Marshall said.

Police officers of all ranks account for 124,066 of the 200,922 people employed by police forces in England and Wales, official statistics show. Some 4,735 officers joined the forces last year, accounting for 4% of all officers.

The new qualification rules will not impact on current officers, unless they apply for a promotion to assistant chief constable or above.

Andy Fittes, general secretary of the Police Federation of England and Wales, welcomed the move to accredit qualifications to serving officers, and supported the idea of a framework that might standardise courses.

However he questioned the implementation of the training, given the “immense demands” being placed on the service.

Chief Constable Giles York, the National Police Chiefs Council lead for workforce, said the scheme would “improve our ability to attract and retain really good people”

He added that it was “fair and right” that officers receive the recognition and accreditation they deserve as professionals.

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Read more: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-38319283

Tech CEOs Cook, Bezos, Catz Said to Attend Kushner-Led Summit

Leaders from the most significant engineering corporations are set to visit the White House later this month for the purposes of an inaugural gather of President Donald Trump’s group formed to modernize government services, according to three beings familiar with the plans. They will arrive weeks after many tech managers publicly divided with Trump on his decision to exit the Paris climate deal.

The American Technology Council gratifying will include a rally of top executives followed by smaller seminars on particular subject, including those involving tech sales to government agencies, said the people, who questioned not to be identified discussing internal matters. The parliament is made up of government officials, such as the U.S. premier technology detective, and was presided over by Jared Kushner, the president’s son-in-law and senior adviser.

Eleven companionships have been invited to participate in the June 19 conference, the person or persons added. The roll of plotted attendees include Apple Inc. Chief Executive Officer Tim Cook, Microsoft Corp. CEO Satya Nadella, Amazon.com Inc. CEO Jeff Bezos, Oracle Co-CEO Safra Catz and International Business Machines Corp. CEO Ginni Rometty, the person or persons mentioned. Alphabet Inc. plans to send Executive Chairman Eric Schmidt.

Facebook Inc. also has been invited to send an administration to the summit, but it hasn’t yet replied to the bidding, one of the person or persons announced. The busines declined to comment.

Representatives from Apple, Alphabet and Microsoft declined to comment. Spokesmen for IBM and Amazon didn’t immediately respond to requests for commentary. An Oracle spokeswoman established Catz’s participation.

Council’s Mission

Trump modelled the council on May 1 in an manager tell, which said the body is endeavouring to” change and modernise” authority information technology and digital assistances. The president picked Kushner to honcho different groups. Chris Liddell, the former chief financial officer at Microsoft and General Machine Co ., is its head.

Working seminars at the summit are also expected to include topics around cloud computing. For some of these conferences, Alphabet is expected to send Diane Greene, the heads of state of Google’s cloud division and an Alphabet board member, according to the people.

Trump contained a meeting with tech managers in December, before his inauguration. The debate at that collecting focused on undertakings, transaction, immigration and China relations. After the session, industry managers supposed a zone of broad-minded agreement was the potential for the Trump administration to innovate in government services.

Since then, however, immigration has became a flash point of discord between the industry and the administration. Managers publicly chastened Trump’s February executive order announcing for a travelling proscription on those from Muslim-majority countries. Various tech corporations, including Google, signed onto a law effort to block the order.

Last week, Trump too rankled many tech industry managers with his decision to remove the U.S. from the Paris climate pact. Cook, Nadella and Schmidt were among those who blamed Trump’s move. Cook said he had a discussion with Trump before the decision advising the president to remain in the accord.

For more on the Trump administration and the tech manufacture, check out the podcast 😛 TAGEND

Redditor’s bad coding tale is a lesson for us all

Careful coding topics .
Image: Shutterstock/ GlebStock

I remember it like it was yesterday: Me, shaking a thermal printer toner cartridge, as jet-black dust spewed from it all over my honcho office.

It was a disaster. My boss looked slowly from me, to the cartridge, and back. He told me to throw away the cartridge and clean up the mess.

He didn’t fire me. Perhaps he spared me because I was just trying to help( I thought that I could get a few more reproduces out the expended cartridge by shaking it) or maybe he did it because it was my first few months of my very first place out of college, and he knew I necessary advice , not a pink slip.

Cscareerthrowaway5 67 wasnt very lucky. The young programmer claimed last week on Reddit that he accidentally blew away his companys production database. It was his first day on the number of jobs, and their documents he was handed to help him set up his own exploitation milieu included credentials for the yield database. The developer, who hasn’t shared his real appoint or the call of his firm( and hasn’t responded to a request for commentary) employed those credentials, instead of ones generated for him by the systemand then inadvertently overwrote the database.

His boss didnt tell him to clean up the mess. Instead, Cscareerthrowaway5 67 contends, the CTO canned him on the spot. There was also the threat of legal action.

Virtually everyone who responded in the Reddit thread acknowledged Cscareerthrowaway5 67 s stupid correct, but also, gave the held accountable for the whole fiasco squarely on the shoulders of the companyand that CTO, for putting those credentials in documents and for not having adequate backups.

On the one handwriting, apparently . The CTO’s crossing his or her own ass for an fantastically stupid mistake.

When I look at this in the context of my own miscalculation, I realise how luck I was to have such an understanding boss. And why shouldnt he have been understanding? A toner whirlwind isn’t the same as a system wrongdoing that might lead to failed thousands of dollars of failed business.

In fact, discrepancies between a simple mistake shaped decades ago and one made today in virtually any business is venture increasing trust on programming and system, and the razor-thin difference between a solvable correct and catastrophe.

More and more people will do as cscareerthrowaway5 67 did, and proceed immediately from the classroom to the make and increase medium. Harmonizing to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the growth of computer-related occupations from 2012 -to-2 014 was outpacing all other occupations by 12%.

Now, marriage all that fresh blood with companionships that may not be employing the best business practices when it comes to code.

A 2015 canvas of 1,300 industries noticed … … that 78% of the surveyed companies lope open generator system. Thats not surprising. I suppose an even greater percentage rely on some in-house programming. There was, though, a more worrisome receive: More than half survey respondents admitted their companies scarcity formal plans for open root consumption, and merely 27% of them have a formal programme for employee contributions to OSS projects.

We assure evidence of this semi-causal approaching to code, developing, and structure management everywhere . Far from being an apocryphal fib, cscareerthrowaway5 67 s fib is becoming almost commonplace.

Last year, person recounted deleting his entire firm with a line of bad code. And the beginning of this year, a chunk of Amazons AWS services went down, taking vast swaths of the Web with it. The villain? An hire doing a little debugging.

Even though that hire may have payment corporations and Amazon millions of dollars, Amazon didnt said that it planned to fire anyone. Instead, AWS enforced brand-new safeguards, and prepared plans to learn from the phenomenon to improve our availability.

Is that the right response in an age where a single text of bad code can render Web websites and digital services sufficing millions of people useless? In the 21 st Century, dont the work requires control axioms beyond The horse stops here?

After all, cscareerthrowaway5 67 acknowledges in his berth that hes stirred mistakes before. Even if they werent at this chore, perhaps cscareerthrowaway5 67 is prone to them. Obviously, the company should have cleaned its own the documents of any data information and credentials that could potentially be used to harm the business and backing up is obvious( though often dismissed ). But shouldnt this programmer be double-checking his production?

Young programmers, though, are often would be interested to make a strong first impression. When Mark Zuckerberg founded Facebook, he inspired developers to move fast and break occasions. On the blog Firehose , one developer recounted how “hes been” hopeles to make a good mark 😛 TAGEND

I was young and hungry, eager to make a difference at the company I was working for, and prove myself as a contributing unit member.

And his busines promoted negligent coding with what sounds like a lack of adequate Quality Assurance testing. Eventually he uploaded bad code, burst a portion of the system and, by his forecast, expenditure the company $10,000.

Lucky for him, his boss decided it was a teachable moment and private developers continued his job.

He did read to take a less laissez-faire attitude toward his place, but he too added an peculiar coda 😛 TAGEND

But in most cases, were no longer affecting centre surgeries, rocket trajectories, or life-or-death scenarios. A certain height of jeopardy is generally acceptable.

Is it, actually?

This dismisses all the situations in which access to data, the Internet and digital assistances is considered critical or at least important. Surely, wiping out billions of flecks of personal and enterprise data would be considered a very big problem.

If a developer was responsible for deleting Amazons entire retail database, Amazon would fire that coder , no matter what, wouldnt they?

Im not adding the CTO was right to barrage cscareerthrowaway5 67, but the rules of labor and control are changing.

At a certain scale, a programming lapse cant be chortled off as a youthful indiscretion and there may not be time to teach the moment when youre busy trying to save your entire business.

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The US Government must work with tech companies if it wants to remain competitive in AI

U.S. Secretary of DefenseJames Mattis is agreeing his tech tour of the West Coast today with a inspect to Googles Mountain View campus.Mattis spent epoch at Amazon and DiuX, the Defense Innovation Unit Experimental , earlier in the week. His key takeaway from all the educating with tech leaders is that the Department of Defense needs to embrace technology coming out of the private sector if it hopes to stay ahead of the technological curve.

In a briefing beforeMattis media address at DiuX, Sean Singleton, director of business development for the human rights unit, has pointed out that commercial R& D is outpacing federal R& D at a rate of practically three to one. And companies like Amazon and Alphabet expend more on R& D than conventional military contractors likeLockheed Martin andRaytheon.

To stop the military from falling behind the times, the Defense Innovation Unit Experimental works with startups toaccelerate commercial-grade innovation for national defense. DiuX providesnon-dilutive uppercase to business willing to work with the government to solve specific problems. The radicals work is similar toIn-Q-Tel, a VC firm that raises the CIA closer together with tech companies.

The unit is focused onautonomy, AI, human methods/ life science, information technology/ cyber and opening. But of those five investment spheres, AI remains a key facilitating technology for all of them. And SecretaryMattis was the first to admit that he investigates many of the greatest advances in AI happening in the private sector.

The bottom line is the authorities concerned will get better at integrating the progress achieved by AI that are being taken here in the Valley into the U.S. military, SecretaryMattis told reporters at the DiuX briefing.

Underscoring this spot, Singleton told the story of DiuX managing director Raj Shah going into the desert with Eric Schmidt, manager chair of Alphabet. The two discovered outmodeds processes for scheming out tanker streets for airplanes withSchmidt insisting that the problem was fixable with engineering, it precisely needed attention.

To date, DiuX has invested in Quid, Saildrone, Orbital Insight, Shield AIand more. These firms dont exclusively induce products and services for the U.S. Government, but they promise to dedicate resources to address public sector priority problems.

For example, Shield AI monotones can scan a house in members of the military situation to relate threats. The monotones and accompanying software also can help the private sector, monitoring oil and gas lands and canvassing construction sites.

DiuX currently has four offices across the United States, in Cambridge, Mass ., Mountain View, Calif ., Washington , D.C ., and Austin. The 48 -person team is expected to grow to 75 following the completion of 2018, assumingSecretaryMattis is genuine about his commitment to build bridges between the army and private sector organizations tech companies.

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Tim Cook, Jeff Bezos and more tech CEOs are set to attend a White House summit with Jared Kushner

Ready for component 2.

Image: Evan Vucci/ AP/ REX/ Shutterstock

Leaders from the most significant engineering business are set to visit the White House later this month for an inaugural fit of President Donald Trumps group formed to modernize government services, according to three parties familiar with the plans. They will arrive weeks after numerous tech chiefs publicly separated with Trump on his decided not to exit the Paris climate deal.

The American Technology Council see will include a congregate of top executives followed by smaller hearings on particular topics, including those involving tech auctions to government agencies, said the people, who questioned not to be identified considering internal matters. The parliament is made up of government officials, such as the U.S. manager technology officer, and is led by Jared Kushner, the presidents son-in-law and elderly adviser.

Eleven fellowships have been invited to participate in the June 19 top, the people told. The schedule of planned attendees include Apple Inc. Chief Executive Officer Tim Cook, Microsoft Corp. CEO Satya Nadella, Amazon.com Inc. CEO Jeff Bezos, Oracle Co-CEO Safra Catz and International Business Machines Corp. CEO Ginni Rometty, the person or persons enunciated. Alphabet Inc. plans to send Executive Chairman Eric Schmidt.

Facebook Inc. also has been invited to send an executive to the summit, but it hasnt hitherto responds to bidding, one of the person or persons supposed. The fellowship declined to comment.

Representatives from Apple, Alphabet and Microsoft declined to comment. Spokesmen for IBM and Amazon didnt immediately respond to requests for explain. An Oracle spokeswoman showed Catzs participation.

Councils Mission

Trump modelled members of the council on May 1 in an executive guild, which said the body is endeavouring to transform and revamp government information technology and digital works. The chairperson picked Kushner to pate different groups. Chris Liddell, the former chief financial officer at Microsoft and General Machine Co ., is its director.

Working seminars at the summit are also expected to include topics around cloud calculating. For some of these hearings, Alphabet is expected to send Diane Greene, the heads of state of Googles cloud division and an Alphabet board member, according to the people.

Trump held a meeting with tech executives in December, before his inauguration. The deliberation at that assembling be concentrated on professions, busines, immigration and China relations. After the gather, manufacture captains remarked an area of wide-reaching agreement was the potential for the Trump administration to innovate in government services.

Since then, nonetheless, migration has became a flash point of fraction between the sector and the concerned authorities. Managers publicly scolded Trumps February executive order calling for a trip forbidding on those from Muslim-majority countries. Various tech business, including Google, signed onto a law effort to block the order.

Last week, Trump also irritated many tech manufacture governors with his decision to remove the U.S. from the Paris climate pact. Cook, Nadella and Schmidt were among those who criticized Trumps move. Cook said he had a dialogue with Trump before government decisions exhorting the president to remain in the accord.

Kenya election: Voters endured long lines, now wait patiently for results

Nairobi, Kenya( CNN) Kenyans eagerly and anxiously awaited the final results in a hotly raced election on Tuesday pitting incumbent President Uhuru Kenyatta against former Prime Minister Raila Odinga.

Videos circulated on social media of tussles and tear gas reportedly being used in some parts of the country earlier Tuesday, but CNN did not witness any violence.

The atmosphere at various polling stations in Nairobi was loosened as Kenyans “re coming out” in droves, eagerly queuing in orderly wrinkles to referendum.

Independent India tells a story of 3 generations

( CNN ) The narration of independent India is a story of three generations.

My grandfather, who was born in what is today Bangladesh, had to run away from a neighbourhood he called home for much of their own lives after the harsh apportion of the subcontinent .

While the last souvenir of British colonialism was overthrow, generations of history and heritage were vacated in a mass migration that claimed hundreds of thousands of lives.
A new country, a republic, took determine in front of his eyes.

With a constitution that guaranteed equality to all status and charismatic presidents who heralded a brand-new future, India completed its transformation from ancient civilization to modern commonwealth.

But self-determination came at an estimated cost.
Reeling under obligation and lack, India insured meagre economic raise. Bureaucratic regulations killed the spirit of industry and commerce developing in massive unemployment.

Societal complaints like female infanticide and dowry attracted back developing, with equal opportunities continuing off the table.
To add to the combination, India went to war with Pakistan in 1971 — a war that experienced the liberation of Bangladesh, only a few short times after my grandfather had passed away .
My father determined big food shortages and long energy slashes, yet — struggling under devastating odds — young India seemed to be plodding forwards.

Seeds of change had been planted — illiteracy rates were descending, spacecrafts were being transported into space, and republic think this is prospering with the young society electing Indira Gandhi as its first female “Ministers “.
When I was born, the Indian economy was still contending but winds of change were twirling around the country.
With increasing levels of education, any measures had been being taken to ensure that equality existed is not simply on paper but in practice.

In 1991, their own economies was thrown open to world uppercase markets in a landmark move that envisioned India join the globalized world, forever changing the country’s economic scenery .
Today, India has changed — and how.
With a booming software and it industry, there is an entrepreneurial sound all around. Even “the member states national” infinite platform is thriving and India have so far been cast two missions to Mars.

The social textile of the two countries has furthermore come a long way.
Rapid advancements are being made to ensure that people are able to make a living, irrespective of their gender or sexuality.
A record number of women are recruiting the labour force, aspiring towards professions in realms arraying from fighting to engineering.

Despite all this, there remain staggering oppositions. India, after all, is a country with many countries .
Corruption still exists, minorities are still in a vulnerable position, violence against female, politics has been reduced to sweeping populism.

Paradoxes dwell; more beings have a mobile phone than better access to clean toilets. The country is endeavour, and the bleak intent of the past is again replaced with the confidence of the initial years of freedom .

Read more: http :// www.cnn.com/ 2017/08/ 08/ nature/ arpan-roy-independence-graphics/ index.html