Social mobility: Class pay gap found in UK professions – BBC News

Image copyright Thinkstock Image caption Nearly three-quarters of doctors are from professional backgrounds

UK professionals from working-class backgrounds are paid 6,800 less on average each year than those from most affluent class, a study has found.

The class pay gap was highest in finance at 13,713, studies and research by the Social Mobility Commission agreed.

The medical professing investigated the next highest breach at 10,218, must be accompanied by information technology at 4,736.

Commission chairman Alan Milburn said here 17% average offer breach proved the UK remained a “deeply elitist” society.

The research, carried out by academics from the London School of Economics and University College London, analysed data regarding the UK labour force survey – a snapshot of employment in the UK with more than 90,000 respondents.

The researchers examined the average earnings of beings in professional professions from different backgrounds and noticed those who had come from a poorer lineage lost out by about 6,800 a year.

It knew the breach was partly caused by differences in educational background, together with the tendency of middle-class professionals to work in bigger conglomerates and move to London for work.

But even when professionals had the same educational attainment, capacity and knowledge, those from poorer class were paid an average rate of 2,242 less, the Social Mobility Commission’s contemplate found.

Image copyright Thinkstock Image caption Working-class professionals may not have the same systems

The report proposed professionals from poorer backgrounds might be less likely to ask for offer rises and could omit themselves from promotion for panic of not “fitting in”.

They are also less likely to have access to the same networks and opportunities as their more privileged colleagues.

Black and minority ethnic professionals, except those of Chinese heritage, earned less than same grey peers, the researchers knew.

The report spoke traditional professings such as remedy, rule, journalism and academia were still dominated by those from advantaged backgrounds.

Nearly three-quarters( 73%) of doctors and two-thirds( 66%) of columnists are from professional and managerial backgrounds, with fewer than 6% and 12% from working-class backgrounds respectively.

It spoke: “The stranges of those from professional backgrounds ceasing up in professional professions are 2.5 times higher than the stranges of those from less advantaged backgrounds contacting the professions.”

However, such studies concluded that social mobility was “the norm and not the exception” as 48% of beings rose up the ladder from their parents’ location, compared with 31% who slipped down.

Report co-author Dr Sam Friedman from the LSE spoke: “While social mobility represents the norm , not the exception, in contemporary Britain, there is no doubt that strong an obstacle to opportunity still persist.”


As well as evaluating social mobility in the higher echelons of society, research reports also examined rates of intergenerational unemployment.

It concluded that there was no evidence of generations of class where no-one had ever worked.

However, individuals from workless households were 15% to 18% less likely to work.

This was further compounded if private individuals was in poor health and/ or lived in an area with high unemployment.

Co-author Dr Lindsey Macmillan from UCL spoke: “We examined the experience of households with little of wield and have found that there is no evidence of generations of class never wielding.

“The biggest risk to ceasing up workless as an adult lives in a high-unemployment expanse and poor health.”

Mr Milburn, chair of the Social Mobility Commission, said the research generated strong new evidence that Britain remained a “deeply elitist society”.

“Too numerous beings from working-class backgrounds not only face hurdles get into the professings, but likewise an obstacle to getting on, ” he spoke.

Mr Milburn used to say while numerous professional conglomerates were “doing excellent work” to be accessible to beings from a broad range of backgrounds, boss needed to take action to end the class earnings penalty.

A government spokeswoman spoke ministers were determined to close the money breach between regions, improve living standards and create jobs.

“We are looking at ways to deliver more good school places in more areas of the country, investing in improving occupations education, transforming the quality of further and technical education and openness access to our world-class higher education system, ” she spoke.

“The government is also targeting social mobility coldspots with 12 opportunity areas where we are working with local organisations, academies, colleges, and businesses to overcome barriers to social mobility and make sure young people from all backgrounds can go as far as their talents will take them.”

What is your reaction to the Social Mobility Commission’s findings? Are you affected by the class offer breach? You can share your comments and knowledge by emailing haveyoursay @bbc.

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