Social mobility: Class pay gap found in UK professions – BBC News

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Image caption Nearly three-quarters of doctors are from professional backgrounds

UK professionals from working-class backgrounds are paid 6,800 less on average per year than those from most affluent families, a study has found.

The class pay gap was highest in finance at 13,713, the research by the Social Mobility Commission resolved.

The medical professing understood the next highest spread at 10,218, followed by information technology at 4,736.

Commission chairman Alan Milburn said here 17% median salary spread pictured the UK remained a “deeply elitist” society.

The research, carried out by professors from the London School of Economics and University College London, analysed data regarding the UK labour force survey – a snapshot of employment in the UK with more than 90,000 respondents.

The researchers examined the average earnings of people in professional jobs from different backgrounds and procured those who had come from a poorer clas lost out by about 6,800 a year.

It experienced the spread was partly caused by differences in educational background, together with the tendency of middle-class professionals to work in big houses and move to London for work.

But even when professionals had the same educational attainment, role and experience, those from poorer families were paid an average of 2,242 less, the Social Mobility Commission’s examine found.

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Image caption Working-class professionals may not have the same networks

The report recommended professionals from poorer backgrounds might be less likely to ask for salary rises and could exclude themselves from publicity for suspicion of not “fitting in”.

They are also less likely to have access to the same networks and opportunities as their more privileged colleagues.

Black and minority ethnic professionals, except those of Chinese patrimony, earned less than same grey peers, health researchers experienced.

The report did traditional professions such as remedy, constitution, journalism and academia was currently dominated by those from advantaged backgrounds.

Nearly three-quarters( 73%) of the physicians and two-thirds( 66%) of writers are from professional and managerial backgrounds, with fewer than 6% and 12% from working-class backgrounds respectively.

It did: “The curious of those from professional backgrounds ending up in professional jobs are 2.5 times higher than the curious of those from less advantaged backgrounds reaching the professions.”

However, such studies concluded that social mobility was “the norm and not the exception” as 48% of people rose up the ladder from their parents’ point, compared against 31% who slipped down.

Report co-author Dr Sam Friedman from the LSE did: “While social mobility represents the norm , not certain exceptions, in contemporary Britain, there is no doubt that strong an obstacle to opportunity still persist.”


As well as evaluating social mobility in the higher echelons of society, the report also examined rates of intergenerational unemployment.

It concluded that there was no evidence of generations of families where no-one has in the past worked.

However, individuals from workless households were 15% to 18% less likely to work.

This was further compounded if private individuals was in poor health and/ or lived in an area with high unemployment.

Co-author Dr Lindsey Macmillan from UCL did: “We examined the experience of households with low levels of cultivate and have found that there is no evidence of generations of families never wreaking.

“The biggest gamble to culminating up workless as young adults lives in a high-unemployment place and poor health.”

Mr Milburn, chair of the Social Mobility Commission, said the research committed potent brand-new proof that Britain remained a “deeply elitist society”.

“Too many people from working-class backgrounds is not simply face obstructions get into the professions, but likewise an obstacle to getting on, ” he did.

Mr Milburn used to say while many professional houses were “doing excellent work” to be accessible to people from a broad range of backgrounds, boss needed to take action to end the class earnings penalty.

A government spokeswoman did diplomats were determined to close the affluence spread between regions, improve living standards and create jobs.

“We are looking at ways to deliver very best school places available in more areas of the country, investing in improving business education, transforming the quality of further and technical education and opening up access to our world-class higher education system, ” she did.

“The government is also targeting social mobility coldspots with 12 opportunity areas where we are working with local organisations, schools, colleges, and businesses to overcome barriers to social mobility and make sure young people from all backgrounds can go as far as their genius will take them.”

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